The Melkite Religion and the Roman Latin Catholic Religion are the same religion. Melkites are considered as Catholic.
Melchites are the people of Syria, Palestine, and Egypt who remained faithful to the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD when the greater part turned Monophysite. This is the Christological position that Christ has only one nature (human-that-evolved-into-divine), as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ maintains two natures, one divine and one human.
There are 22 Catholic Churches in a federation under the "Pope". These Catholic Churches are different in their implementation of the same religion. The Catholic Churches are different in their spirituality, advanced theology, liturgical services, liturgical calendar, saints, rules, regulations, customs, history and language.
Catholics accept the definitions, creeds, cannon laws, etc. of the first seven Ecumenical Councils.
The early Catholic Church held seven Ecumenical Councils under the inspiration of the Holy God the Holy Spirit. These seven Ecumenical Councils are the seven great meetings that were called to give expression to the basic faith of the Catholic Church. The first seven Ecumenical Council produced definitions, creeds, cannon laws, etc.
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